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Everything You Need to Know About Disc Arthroplasty
The medical field has become so advanced that we now have solutions to those conditions that were considered untreatable decades ago. The technological advancements in the medical industry have made it all possible.
Along with various medical niches, the field of orthopedics has also seen some massive changes. And these changes have led to the improvement of this industry. Changes in the quality and structure of orthopaedic implants and instruments plus, the technological advancements in the diagnostic tools have helped the orthopedics field.
Once, spinal surgeries were considered the trickiest, and the success rates were also not acceptable. Now, if we talk about the current situation, surgeries performed to treat spinal injuries have improved a lot with a good success rate. In this post, we will talk about one such spinal surgery that is especially performed to fix the condition characterized by damage to the intervertebral disc(s). That surgical procedure is known as disc arthroplasty.
Disc arthroplasty is a surgery that is done to replace the damaged spinal disc with an artificial one made of metal alloy. This is done to relieve the symptoms caused by broken spinal disc(s).
There could be multiple reasons for the damage to the spinal disc but, the most common is aging. As we grow old, our bones start to deteriorate, and so does the spine. This causes wear & tear in the intervertebral disc and results in cracking of the outer layer. This may move the inner material of the disc out in the spinal cord. When this occurs, numerous complications are on the card including pain in the back or neck, numbness, and difficulty while making certain movements that involve the use of the spine.
Not only this but the injury to spinal discs also occur due to traumatic injuries, and in such cases, disc arthroplasty may be required as well.
How is Disc Arthroplasty Performed?
Disc arthroplasty is the procedure that is recommended to remove the problematic disc and place an artificial one at its place.
This surgery is performed under anesthesia to keep the patient unconscious so that he/she does not feel pain during the procedure. After all the tests are done and health parameters are checked, the surgeon will make an incision over the damaged disc to gain its clear access. The surgeon will first move soft tissues and other structures aside gently after making the incision. This is done to ensure the obstruction-free view of the problematic disc.
The next step here will be the removal of the damaged spinal disc and surrounding bone using special orthopedic instruments. Now, the gap formed will be filled using an artificial metal-made spinal disc. Once the disc is properly placed, all the soft tissue structures moved aside will be placed back in their correct positions, and the incision will be closed. The dressing is also applied to the incision to prevent contact with the external environment for some time.
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